Tailscale VPN

Tailscale’s website reads:

A secure network that just works

Zero config VPN. Installs on any device in minutes, manages firewall rules for you, and works from anywhere.

gokrazy-based devices are no exception! This guide shows you how to use Tailscale with gokrazy.

Tailscale’s networking will come in handy when accessing your gokrazy server remotely (no static DHCP leases, port-forwarding and DynDNS required!), or even to secure your communication when gokrazy is connected to an unencrypted WiFi network.

Requirements

  • Package tailscale.com v1.56.1 or later (latest version used automatically unless you have the package already in go.mod)
  • Volume /perm/ needs to be initialized (instructions use github.com/gokrazy/mkfs to initialize) to persist authentication over reboots.

Step 1. include the tailscale packages

Add the Tailscale daemon tailscaled and CLI tailscale Go packages to your gokrazy instance:

gok add tailscale.com/cmd/tailscaled
gok add tailscale.com/cmd/tailscale
# Automatically initialize a file system on the /perm partition on first boot:
gok add github.com/gokrazy/mkfs

Step 2. set command-line flags

Then, open your instance’s config.json in your editor:

gok edit

And configure Package config: Command-line flags for Option A or Option B:

Option A: interactive authentication

{
    "Hostname": "ts",
    "Packages": [
        "github.com/gokrazy/fbstatus",
        "github.com/gokrazy/hello",
        "github.com/gokrazy/serial-busybox",
        "github.com/gokrazy/breakglass",
        "tailscale.com/cmd/tailscaled",
        "tailscale.com/cmd/tailscale",
        "github.com/gokrazy/mkfs"
    ],
    "PackageConfig": {
        "tailscale.com/cmd/tailscale": {
            "CommandLineFlags": [
                "up"
            ]
        }
    }
}

Option B: unattended authentication with auth key

Alternatively, navigate to Tailscale console and open Settings / Keys. Generate auth key.

Include the key to tailscale flags:

{
    "Hostname": "ts",
    "Packages": [
        "github.com/gokrazy/fbstatus",
        "github.com/gokrazy/hello",
        "github.com/gokrazy/serial-busybox",
        "github.com/gokrazy/breakglass",
        "tailscale.com/cmd/tailscaled",
        "tailscale.com/cmd/tailscale",
        "github.com/gokrazy/mkfs"
    ],
    "PackageConfig": {
        "tailscale.com/cmd/tailscale": {
            "CommandLineFlags": [
                "up",
                "--auth-key=tskey-AAAAAAAAAAAA-AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA"
            ]
        }
    }
}

Then, deploy as usual:

gok update

Step 3. authenticate (interactive only)

Skip this step if you are using option B with auth key.

  1. Navigate to your gokrazy web interface with browser using the URL displayed by the gok CLI.
  2. Open the service /user/tailscale and find the login URL.
  3. Open the link with browser and log in to Tailscale and authorize the client.

Step 4. disable key expiry (optional)

You are now connected to Tailscale and you can access your gokrazy instance over Tailscale.

Tailscale requires re-authentication periodically. You can disable key expiry from Tailscale console for the gokrazy instance to not require login every 3 months.

Optional: Tailscale network for other programs

Before Tailscale v1.56.1, Tailscale used Userspace networking mode on gokrazy, meaning you needed to use Tailscale as an HTTP proxy to establish outgoing connections into your tailnet.

With Tailscale v1.56.1 and newer, programs running on gokrazy can connect to other devices in your tailnet without extra steps! 🎉 DNS resolution and TCP connections work out of the box.

Optional: Tailscale Go listener

Before Tailscale v1.56.1, Tailscale used Userspace networking mode on gokrazy, meaning you needed to use the tsnet package if you wanted to restrict a listener to Tailscale.

With Tailscale v1.56.1 and newer, you can listen on Tailscale addresses and use LocalClient.WhoIs to obtain the remote identity:

package main

import (
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"log"
	"net/http"

	"tailscale.com/client/tailscale"
)

func main() {
	listen := flag.String("listen", "gokrazy.monkey-turtle.ts.net:8111", "[host]:port listen address")
	allowedUser := flag.String("allowed_user", "", "the name of a tailscale user to allow")
	flag.Parse()
	log.Printf("starting HTTP listener on %s", *listen)
	var ts tailscale.LocalClient
	httpsrv := &http.Server{
		Addr: *listen,
		Handler: http.HandlerFunc(func(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
			who, err := ts.WhoIs(r.Context(), r.RemoteAddr)
			if err != nil {
				http.Error(w, err.Error(), http.StatusInternalServerError)
				return
			}
			if who.UserProfile.LoginName != *allowedUser || *allowedUser == "" {
				err := fmt.Sprintf("you are logged in as %q (userprofile: %+v), but -allowed_user flag does not match!", who.UserProfile.LoginName, who.UserProfile)
				log.Printf("forbidden: %v", err)
				http.Error(w, err, http.StatusForbidden)
				return
			}
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "hey there, %q! this message is served via tailscale from gokrazy!", who.UserProfile.LoginName)
		}),
	}
	log.Fatal(httpsrv.ListenAndServe())
}
  1. Deploy this program to your gokrazy device
  2. Open the listening address in your browser, e.g. http://gokrazy.monkey-turtle.ts.net:8111
  3. Specify the --allowed_user flag to verify that tailscale authentication works as expected